Print Support

Peninsula Print & Design are always available for you. With over 30 years experience in Print, Design, Packaging and Now Web, we've answered some of the most commonly asked questions within our support page.

So, if you have questions like, what is bleed and how do I apply it? or What is a Print Ready PDF? you are in the right place.

We hope we have covered everything to help you create your artwork, but remember, at Peninsula we are there for you, so if you still need help, you can email us from our contact us page and we will do everything we can to help you out.

Page Size Chart

What is Bleed & how do I Apply it?

 

What is Bleed?

Ink that prints beyond the trim edge of the page to ensure it extends to the edge of the page after trimming. As there is a degree of movement when printing on any press, you should always create 3mm bleed on all edges where bleed is needed. Supplying your job without bleed may result in white lines when we trim it.

How to apply Bleed

The concept of applying bleed is the same for all desktop publishing programmes. You need to extend the object box, whether picture or colour, out past the edge of your page. Then, when creating the PDF, you need to set your bleed margins to 3mm.

With Microsoft Word, PowerPoint or Adobe Photoshop you do not have the ability to add bleed when creating a PDF. You need to make your page/image size 6mm bigger at the start. You will then treat the extra 6mm (3mm all round) as bleed, which will be removed when we trim your job. For example, A4 is 210mm x 297mm. Your page with bleed will be 216mm x 303mm.

Print Size Guide

 

A0 - 841mm x 1189mm
A1 - 594mm x 841mm
A2 - 420mm x 594mm
A3 - 297mm x 420mm
A4 - 210mm x 297mm
A5 - 148mm x 210mm
A6 - 105mm x 148mm
A7 - 74mm x 105mm
1/3 A4 - 99mm x 210mm

SRA3 Plus - 320mm x 460mm
(max print area 310mm x 440mm)

Business Cards
55mm x 85mm
(most popular size)

55mm x 90mm
50mm x 90mm
55mm 175mm (folded)

Folds/Folded Leaflet Guide

A) Half Fold

The printed sheet is simply folded in half. This creates 4 pages, front-cover, back-cover, and two internal pages.
An example of this is a birthday card.

B) Roll Fold

The printed sheet is creased twice to give 6 pages. The right hand panel is normally trimmed 2mm smaller depending on paper weight to allow it to be folded neatly into the two larger pages.
An example of this is a normal utility bill, which is A4 folded to 1/3 A4.

C) Z Fold or Accordion Fold

The printed sheet is creased two times (z) or more (accordion) giving parallel folds that open like an accordion, for example a leaflet.

D) Gate Fold

The printed sheet is creased twice to give 6 pages. The right and left pages are half the size of the centre page. They fold inward to meet the middle of the page.
An example of this is a wedding invitation.

Designing for Digital Print

What is the difference between CMYK and RGB?

 

CMYK stands for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black - the inks a printer mixes together to make colours on printed material.

RGB stands for Red, Green and Blue - the colours of light a computer screen mixes together to make colours on screen.

So what’s the difference?

RGB is used for viewing colours on a computer screen, like this website.
CMYK is used for viewing printed material.

All our presses, big and small, use cyan, magenta, yellow and black inks to transform your digital file to printed media. Please ensure your artwork is set up as CMYK. If you use RGB images or colours we will convert these to CMYK for you but the colour of your printed file may appear different when printed.

Avoid rich black text

Rich black is a CMYK mix. No registration is absolutely perfect; there is always a little shift or stretch. Make sure that all black text is set at 100% black. This means the text is only printed once with the black plate, eliminating registration problems.
Solid black areas of colour
With digital printing you don’t need as much ink to achieve a good black solid. In fact if you use too much ink your print will suffer in quality. If you want a rich black solid, use these values:
30% Cyan,
30% Magenta,
30% Yellow,
100% Black.
This gives you an overall ink coverage of 190%

Using fonts at small sizes

Be careful when using small font sizes. We don’t recommend smaller than 7pt for small format work up to A3 and 11pt for large format above A3. Remember, the smaller the text the harder it is to keep in register. If you have to use small text we recommend you use 100% black to eliminate any registration problems.

Images

All images should be 300 dpi. DPI is the amount of ink dots per inch; 300 dots per inch is the required standard for printed material. Images should also be placed at 100% size in your final document. For example, if your image is 50mm x 50mm at 300dpi, then it is also that size when placed in your document. Lower resolution compromises image quality and may result in pixilation (where the pixels, tiny squares or dots that make up the image, are apparent when printed).
Please note that opening a 72 dpi image in Photoshop and simply changing the dpi to 300 will not increase the quality of the image.

Borders and artwork

As there is always a small degree of movement when printing and finishing a job, it is recommended that your artwork is at least 5mm from the edge of the page if it is not meant to bleed off. This is known as the ‘safe area’

Avoid printed borders placed too close to the edge of a page as they may look uneven when the job is trimmed.

Overprint

Please check your overprint settings carefully. All overprinting must be correct in a print ready PDF as it is not always obvious to the printer, especially in larger files with many pages.
Using overprint preview in Acrobat will give you a guide as to which colours will overprint and which will remain unchanged.

White text

Do not set white text to overprint. Setting a colour to overprint lays a colour over the top of another colour. White in CMYK terms is 0%, so if you overprint zero ink on top of another colour it will disappear.

Bleed

It is important that you supply all your artwork with 3mm bleed.
With Microsoft Word, PowerPoint or Adobe Photoshop you do not have the ability to add bleed when creating a PDF.  You need to make your page/image size 6mm bigger at the start. You will then treat the extra 6mm (3mm all round) as bleed, which will be removed when we trim your job. For example, A4 is 210mm x 297mm.  Your page with bleed will be 216mm x 303mm.

Multiple-page PDF

Do not impose the pages or save them as reader’s pairs, this is not print ready. We require a PDF consisting of single pages running from the front cover through to the back cover. If blank pages are needed in the final book they need to be included in the document.  For saddle-stitched books please remember that the number of pages in a book must be divisible by four (24pp 32pp 40pp etc).  If your PDF has 10 pages you will need to add 2 blank pages to make it work. 

Why It is important to give us pages in their running order

Instead of supplying, for example, the front and back covers first, followed by the inner pages, it’s important to supply pages in numerical order, with the cover being the front page and the back page being the last. This ensures your document is printed correctly in the order you want.

The difference between pages and leaves

A leaf is a sheet of paper and a page is typically a side of paper, So a leaf of paper could be two printed pages (2pp) if double sided or just one printed page (1pp) if single sided. 

Check your folding is correct

If the document is to be folded, such as an invitation or leaflet, the folding will need to be checked before supplying us the PDF. It’s always a good idea to print a copy out on your desktop printer. Check the pages back up correctly and that the text doesn’t run into the folds, unless intended.

Create Production Ready Artwork

Checklist

 

  • The file is supplied as four-colour process CMYK and not RGB colour space. If you are unfamiliar with this terminology don’t worry, we will convert it for you, though some colours may look washed out.
  • The document’s page size is the finished trim size.
  • Fonts are embedded or converted to outlines so no fonts are needed.
  • All scans resolution are 300 dpi at 100% of the final image size.
  • Images are embedded in the file.
  • Files are supplied with 3mm bleed.
  • Any trim, score or fold marks are indicated and outside the live print area.
  • Artwork is at least 5mm from the edge of the page; this is regarded as a safe or quiet area.
  • Black text is 100% black and not a mix of CMYK.
  • White text is not set to overprint.
  • Any multiple-page PDF consists of single pages running from the front cover through to the back cover, including blank pages if needed.
  • If folded, check artwork is setup correctly for these folds.

What is a Print Ready PDF?

PDF stands for Portable Document Format. Supplying a print ready PDF not only eliminates all of the extra files you would have traditionally sent to a printing company, it will also speed your file through our pre-press department as we won’t need to load everything into our system. By supplying a print ready PDF you create a simple workflow between you and us, enabling a hassle free transition from design through to print and delivery.

A Print ready PDF must meet certain criteria for your file to print without problems. All print ready PDFs need to contain the following:

  • The file is supplied as four-colour process CMYK and not RGB colour space. If you are unfamiliar with this terminology don’t worry, we will convert it for you, though some colours may look washed out.
  • The document’s page size is the finished trim size.
  • Fonts are embedded or converted to outlines so no fonts are needed.
  • All scans resolution are 300 dpi at 100% of the final image size.
  • Images are embedded in the file.
  • Files are supplied with 3mm bleed.
  • Any trim, score or fold marks are indicated and outside the live print area.
  • Artwork is at least 5mm from the edge of the page; this is regarded as a safe or quiet area.
  • Black text is 100% black and not a mix of CMYK.
  • White text is not set to overprint.
  • Any multiple-page PDF consists of single pages running from the front cover through to the back cover, including blank pages if needed.

FAQ's

Click the button below to read all Frequently Asked Questions.

Our Print Guidelines

Artwork File Specifications

You can send files in any of the following formats:

  • For PC: QuarkXpress, Illustrator, Photoshop, Pagemaker or Publisher
  • For MAC: QuarkXpress, Freehand, Illustrator, Photoshop, Indesign, Pagemaker

If your files are in another format, please call our design team on 028 9181 4125 for conversion advice. We accept files via e-mailon DVD or CD-ROM.

Please note: all images and non-standard fonts must be supplied with files. Fonts can be converted to curves if the programme allows. Make sure that the finished size is specified. Allow 1.5mm bleed and all colours converted to CMYK.

Proofs
All our jobs must have a client approved proof before production can proceed. Proofs are generally sent by e-mail, however, we will be happy to supply you with a hard copy proof on request. Our prepress department operates over two shifts, which allows us the flexibility of being able to turn around proofs overnight in urgent cases, but generally we undertake to provide you with proofs within 24 hours of receipt of suitable artwork.

Corrections and Alterations
Corrections to files supplied to us by you will be charged on an hourly basis. Changes to layout, typeface, copy or design as originally specified in the brief or rough will also be charged on an hourly basis.

Your Files

Your print-ready PDF files can be sent electronically by e-mail or artwork and text-only files can be supplied directly to us on disc. We cater for both Mac and PC formats and can work with all major contemporary software applications.

All received files are flight-checked and scanned for errors in typography or composition before proceeding to production. We can advise you on suitable formats for artwork and text for submission to us. We’ll also provide assistance if you’re having difficulties with formatting, software, etc.